Published: Thu, July 12, 2018
Medicine | By Douglas Stevenson

Multivitamins, Minerals Do Not Help In Battling Heart Disease

Multivitamins, Minerals Do Not Help In Battling Heart Disease

The meta-analysis included 18 studies published in 1970-2016 (11 from the US, four from Europe, and three from Japan) with a total of more than 2 million participants from the general population.

Instead, "multivitamins fill nutrient gaps [and] are not meant to prevent cardiovascular disease", read a statement issued by the trade group, the Washington DC-based Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN), today. Scientists found out that there was no correlation between consuming multivitamin and mineral supplements and low risk of demise from cardiovascular disorders. Each one looked at how vitamins and mineral supplements - which are not reviewed by the U.S.

"We undertook this analysis because, despite numerous studies strongly suggesting the neutral effect of MVM [multivitamin/mineral] supplements on CVD prevention, the controversy did not end, and the scientific community continued to send a confusing signal to the public", Kim's group said. A new analysis of 18 studies has found that it does not prevent heart attacks, strokes or cardiovascular death.

Researchers found no association between taking multivitamin and mineral supplements and a lower risk of death from cardiovascular diseases.

“People tend to prefer a quick and easy solution such as taking a pill [rather] than the more effortful method to prevent cardiovascular disease, ” he said.

According to the United States Food and Drug Administration, unlike drugs, there are no provisions in the law for the agency to "approve" dietary supplements for safety or effectiveness before they reach the consumer, nor can the product's label make health claims to diagnose, cure, mitigate, treat or prevent a disease. Fruits and vegetables already have a proven track record in lowering the risk of heart disease and stroke. And because dietary supplements arent regulated the same as drugs, they dont have to be proven safe or effective before making their way to store shelves. During the research process, Kim and his team followed the National Institutes of Health definition of multivitamin - a dietary supplement comprising more than three vitamin and mineral ingredients.

"These include a heart-healthy diet, exercise, tobacco cessation, controlling blood pressure and unhealthy cholesterol levels, and when needed, medical treatment", Kim noted.

Use of MVM supplements was not associated with the risk of death from cardiovascular disease or coronary heart disease, or stroke incidence or deaths, according to the report in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

"CRN stresses that multivitamins fill nutrient gaps in our less-than-perfect diets and support a host of other physiological functions", senior vice president Duffy MacKay said in a statement.

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