Published: Mon, July 02, 2018
Medicine | By Douglas Stevenson

Air pollution makes millions diabetic every year

Air pollution makes millions diabetic every year

U.S. researchers found that pollution triggered inflammation which reduces the body's insulin production. What's more, such a determination suggests that by decreasing air pollution, humankind could potentially see a drop in diabetes cases; especially in locations with extremely higher levels of pollution, such as India, says Medical Express. Now, a new study done by the Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, suggests that air pollution caused one in seven new cases of Type 2 diabetes in 2016 in the U.S., and even low levels of it can raise chances of developing the chronic disease. Not only did scientists find that a there is, in fact, a relationship between air pollution and the global issue of diabetes, these findings also cite pollution levels deemed safe are also at fault. "Evidence shows that current levels are still not sufficiently safe and need to be tightened", Al-Aly said.

PARIS, France - Air pollution caused one in 7 new cases of diabetes in 2016, according to a USA study, which found even low levels raised the chances of developing the chronic disease.

Almost 10 million years of healthy life were lost in 2016 due to pollution-linked diabetes, representing about 14 per cent of all years of healthy life lost due to diabetes from any cause.

According to the United Nations 2018 Sustainable Development Goals Report, an estimated 4.2 million people died as a result of high levels of ambient air pollution.

Around one in every eight people in the United Kingdom will develop Chronic Kidney Disease, which is mainly caused by uncontrolled diabetes and high blood pressure.

The particles that are present in places that suffer excess air pollution are made up of dust, dirt, and smoke from the chimneys and industries mixed with liquid droplets.

Those data, along with information culled from thousands of studies worldwide, were used to create a model to evaluate diabetes risk across various pollution levels.

The researchers of the study examined data on 1.7 million people who served in the USA military that were followed for 8.5 years. And it doesn't just irritate the lungs and lead to coughing bouts, it is also linked to health problems like heart disease, lung cancer and asthma.

Finally, they analysed data from the Global Burden of Disease study, which is conducted annually with contributions from researchers worldwide.

The country is already dealing with a fast-rising incidence of diabetes. However, using mathematical models, Al-Aly's team established an increased diabetes risk at 2.4 micrograms per cubic meter of air. When that exposure increases to 11.9 to 13.6 micrograms per cubic meter of air, about 24 percent of the group developed diabetes.

In October 2017, The Lancet Commission on pollution and health published a report outlining knowledge gaps on pollution's harmful health effects.

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