Published: Thu, May 10, 2018
People | By Neil Grant

Europe fights to save Iran nuclear deal after USA pullout

Europe fights to save Iran nuclear deal after USA pullout

US President Donald Trump has withdrawn from the Iran nuclear deal and is set to renew sanctions on Iran.

"Iran is subject to the world's most robust nuclear verification regime under the JCPOA, which is a significant verification gain", Yukiya Amano said Wednesday, using the full title of the Iran nuclear deal, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

Larijani also called Trump an "egotistical and amateurish politician" and later told the Iranian judiciary's website Mizan that Trump "does not have the mental capacity to deal with issues".

China's special envoy for the Middle East is urging all parties to adhere to the Iran nuclear deal and solve the dispute through dialogue.

Meanwhile, Iran's President Hassan Rouhani said, "The US has announced that it doesn't respect its commitments".

Russian Federation said it was "deeply disappointed" by the president's decision, saying it was "extremely concerned" that the USA was acting in its own "narrow" and "opportunistic" interests and "grossly violating the norms of global law".

But hardliners, who have always been against the 2015 deal, stoked outrage against the U.S. Some staged a mass burning of U.S. flags in the center of Tehran.

Mr Rouhani said he had been preparing for every possible scenario - including no deal at all or a deal without the United States - which would still include the other signatories that remain committed to it. "And it's not in the hands of any single country to terminate it unilaterally". "Any nation that helps Iran in its quest for nuclear weapons could also be strongly sanctioned by the United States".

After years of building an worldwide coalition that could impose crippling sanctions on Iran, we reached the JCPOA together with the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the European Union, Russia, China, and Iran. He accused the USA of not respecting its commitments. This agreement remains important for our shared security. We recall that the JCPOA was unanimously endorsed by the UN Security Council in resolution 2231. Daryl G. Kimball, the group's executive director, said Trump's announcement "is an irresponsible act of foreign policy malpractice" and "a twofold abrogation of United States commitments".

It goes on, "The world is a safer place as a result".

"American primary sanctions largely remained intact even after the JCPOA". "If you want to have a deal, we need practical guarantees otherwise they will do the same as the U.S. If they can't give definitive guarantees, it won't be possible to continue".

Since the beginning of his presidential campaign, Trump has referred to the deal a few times, calling it "the worst deal ever" and "one of the worst and most one-sided transactions the USA has ever entered into". After engaging with the U.S. administration in a thorough manner over the past months, we call on the USA to do everything possible to preserve the gains for nuclear non-proliferation brought about by the JCPOA, by allowing for a continued enforcement of its main elements.

The deal was Obama's biggest foreign policy achievement, and Tirta Parsi, author of "Losing an Enemy: Obama, Iran, and the Triumph of Diplomacy", said the main reason behind Trump's pull out was "because it had Obama's name on it".

But while European leaders have defiantly said they will work to protect their trade ties, Iran's leaders are sceptical.

Iran has time and again claimed that its nuclear programme was entirely peaceful, and its compliance with the deal has been verified by the International Atomic Energy Agency. Iran is complying with the JCPOA.

In announcing the US' violation of the JCPOA agreement, which he called "gruesome", Trump also cited Iran's ongoing ballistic missile programme and involvement in conflicts in Syria and Yemen.

"But when he makes promises, he keeps them", Kimmel continued. Many believe that pulling out of the agreement makes the U.S. seem weak on its word and untrustworthy.

Le Drian said "we are ready to work on a widened accord" that would address Trump's concerns about the 2015 deal aimed at curbing Iran's nuclear ambitions.

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